欧洲椴木 英文名 Lime 或者Linden， 学名：Tilla Europeae；是大叶椴和小叶椴的天然杂交种，属英国最高的阔叶树，树高可达45米。
English name of European basswood lime or Linden, scientific name: Tilla europeae; It is a natural hybrid of Tilia amurensis and Tilia amurensis. It is the highest broad-leaved tree in Britain, with a height of up to 45 meters.
The leaves are wide ovate to round, 10 cm long and 10 cm wide, heart-shaped at the base, blunt short pointed at the apex, thick teeth at the edge, dark green above the leaves, light color below, and tufts of hair at the vein axils below the leaves. The bark is grayish brown with shallow cracks.
The flowers are small, light yellow, with 5 petals and fragrant. Every 10 flowers form a bunch. Each bunch of flowers has light green bracts and blooms in midsummer.
The fruit is oval, woody and grayish green. Tilia amurensis was gradually replaced by Tilia Crimea due to aphids caused by continuous budding and dripping honey from the tree base.
European basswood, with light yellowish brown core, light sapwood color and air dry density of about 0.42-0.56g/cm3
Basswood is the processed material of linden tree. Basswood is found in Northeast China (Daxing'anling, Xiaoxing'anling area), East China, Fujian, and Yunnan. Basswood in foreign countries includes American basswood and South African basswood. It is a common wood with grease, wear resistance and corrosion resistance. Not easy to crack, fine wood grain, easy to process, strong toughness and other characteristics, widely used in blockboard, wooden handicrafts, musical instruments, furniture. Important professional use is Venetian blinds. (Quoted from Baidu Encyclopedia)