African wood - Introduction of species name, material property and use
1. Scientific name: Pterocarpus angolensis D.C
Product name: Muniga; Girassonde (Angola); Ambila (mozambique); Mukwa, Muninga (Zambia, Zimbabwe) Kiaat, Kajat, Kajaatenhout (South Africa); Mninga (Tanzania). Wood properties: wood is a half ring hole to loose hole material; The side material is light gray or yellow, with a width of 3-5cm, and the color of the heart material varies greatly, from brown to purple and brown, sometimes with dark stripes, with obvious difference from the side material. The growth wheel is slightly obvious: the wood has luster and faint aroma. Texture until slightly staggered; The structure is slightly uniform and slightly resistant to decay, and the ability to resist ants and Marine drilling animals is strong. Dry shrink; The weight of wood is medium, and the air dry density is about 0.64g/cm3. The strength and mechanical properties of wood are general.
USES: used for advanced furniture and fine woodworking products, decorative materials, advanced floor, Musical Instruments, carving products, etc.
2. Scientific name: Afzelia africana Smith.
Name of goods: Doussie; Papo; Kukpalik (Ghana); Apa, Alinga (Nigeria); Azodau, Lingue (ce d 'ivoire); Chamfuta, Mussacossa (mozambique); Mbembakofi, Mkora (Tanzania); M 'ancingue (Cameroon); Afzelia (Liberia); Bolenug (Zaire); Nkokongo. Wood material property: wood is a bulk porous material; The side material is pale yellow and white, 5cm wide, heart material is reddish brown, often spotted, and distinct from the side material. The growth wheel is slightly obvious. The wood is shiny and has no special smell. Intertexture; Fine and uniform structure; Strong abrasion resistance, very resistant to moth; Dry shrinkage: the dry shrinkage rate from raw material to furnace is 4.4% in the chord direction and 3.0% in the radial direction. The wood is hard and heavy with a dry air density of about 0.83g/cm3. Wood is stable and strong.
USES: used for some important construction projects, especially the construction of port dock buildings and Bridges. Furniture and decorative panels can be made with beautiful decorative patterns.
3. Apodytes dimidiana E.Mey
Product name: mugonjone Mugonyone; White paer. Pearwood.
Commonly known as: Swiss pear wood
Wood material property: the boundary between the side material and the heartwood is not obvious, the color of raw material is from pale white to yellowish-brown, and it has pink color, and becomes light gray brown under the action of air. Wood texture is straight, fine and even; The wear-resisting; The material is hard and heavy, and the air dry density is about 0.72g/cm3. The mechanical indexes are medium and the load impact strength is low.
Usage: do not use it to make indoor utensils when not being treated with antiseptic.
4. Scientific name: Guibourtia tessmanii J.Leonard
Trade name: Bubinga; Essingang (Cameroon); Kevazingo (Gabon); Waka (Zaire); Akume (USA); 0veng (equatorial guinea).
Commonly known as: African pear flower.
Timber quality; Wood is made of loose holes; Side material is milky white, 5-7cm in width, heart material is reddish brown, often with dark stripes, heart material is distinct; The growth wheel is slightly obvious. The wood is shiny and has no special smell. The structure is thin and uniform, and the texture address is slightly staggered. Dry shrinkage is large, the dry shrinkage rate from raw material to furnace is 5.3% radial and 7.8% chord. Wood is resistant to decay, but the side materials are often harmful to bacteria and insects. The wood is hard and heavy, and the average air-dry density is about 0.89-0.91g/cm3. The strength and mechanical properties of wood are high, especially the transverse grain tensile strength of wood.
USES: by the wood itself stripe and crisscross texture constitute the special beautiful decorative pattern together, therefore has the high decorative value.
5. Scientific name: Entandrophragma cylindrium Sprague
Product name: saberi Aapele; Sapelewood, Ubilesan (Nigeria); Sapelli (Cameroon); Aboudikro (ivory coast); Assi and Dilolo (Gabon); Libuyu, Bobwe (Zaire); Pendwa (Ghana); Muyoveu (Uganda).
Wood material property: wood is a bulk porous material; The edges are pale yellow. The width is 7-10cm, the new cut surface of the heartwood is pink, the time has become reddish brown, and the difference of the heartwood is obvious. The growth wheel is not obvious; The wood is shiny and the new cut has a cedar smell. Wood grain crisscross, diameter cut surface has black stripe or plum flower pattern; Fine and uniform structure; Dry shrinkage of wood, 4.6% radial; String to 7.4%; The wood is more resistant to decay, but the edge material is easy to be threatened by silvering moth. The wood is hard, medium weight, and the air dry density is about 0.67 g/cm3. The strength and mechanical indexes of wood are higher.
USES: high - grade decorative materials, high - grade furniture and flooring, high - grade fine woodworking products.
6. Scientific name: Tieghemella heckelii pierre.
Name of commodity: Makore; Aganokwa (Nigeria); Baku, Abako, Edumo (Ghana); Makorou, Dumori (cote d 'ivoire); Doukd, Okola (Gabon).
Wood material property: wood powder porous material, light color of side material, 5-6cm width, heart material reddish brown, no obvious difference in heart material; The growth wheel is not obvious; The wood is glossy and has no special smell. The texture is straight, part of which has staggered texture, and the structure is fine and even. The dry shrinkage of wood is large and stable. The material is hard and heavy, and the air dry density is 0.62-0.72 g/cm3. The durability of wood is very strong, can resist termite, occasionally appear blue change; Wood has strong toughness, strength and mechanical properties.
USES: building materials, floor, furniture, joiner, precision instruments, interior decoration, carving crafts, toys, etc.
7. Scientific name: Pericopsis elata Van Meeuwen.
Commodity name: Afrormosia; Assameal (France, ivory coast); Ejen (Cameroon); Kokrodua, Awawai (Ghana); Obang (Gabon); Ole, Bahala, Mohole (Zaire, Netherlands); Ayin (Nigeria).
Commonly known as: African teak, red bean pomelo.
Wood material property: wood is a bulk porous material; The side material is narrow, 1.5-2.5cm in width, and the heart material is yellowish-brown to dark brown, with obvious difference from the side material. The growth wheel is not obvious; The wood is shiny and has no special smell. Texture slightly oblique to crisscross, very fine and even structure; High durability of wood, not easy to decay and pests; The dry shrinkage is large, the radial dry shrinkage rate from raw material to furnace dry is 3.0%, and the chord dry shrinkage is 6.4%. Wood is a little heavy with a dry air density of 0.70-0.86g/cm3. The strength and mechanical indexes of wood are higher.
USES: this wood can replace teak to make wood products that need high strength, strong stability and anti-moth; Do not mix with dark metal to prevent metal corrosion from discoloring wood.
8. Scientific name: Nesogordonia papaverifera R..
Commodity name: Danta; 0voue (Cameroon); Otto(Nigeria); Kotibe (ivory coast); Olbora (Gabon); Taanya (Zaire); Naouga (Angola); Epro (Ghana).
Wood material property: wood is a bulk porous material; The edge material is light brown, 5-7cm wide, heart material is reddish brown, and the difference between the edge cases is obvious. The growth wheel is not obvious; The wood is shiny and has no special smell; The wood structure is very fine and even, the texture is crisscrossed, on each section of the spot pattern; More resistant to decay, can resist termite damage, but vulnerable to Marine drilling animals erosion; The wood shrinks a lot; The material is hard and heavy, and the air dry density is 076-0.80g /cm3. Wood has high toughness, strength and other mechanical properties, but low impact strength.
USES: building durable component, indoor and outdoor decoration, furniture, floor, food, packing box, tool handle, carving crafts, etc.
9. Scientific name: Copaifera salilounda Heck.
Product name: Etomoe (Liberia, kosovo); Olumi, Anzem, andem-evine (Gabon); Ohwenda, Entedua (Ghana); Buini, Gumcoal (sierra leone); Ovblaleke (Nigeria); Bofelele (Zaire).
Wood material property: wood porous material; The color of the side material is light, 6-10cm wide, the heart material is reddish-brown, often with dark stripes, and the difference between the heart material and the side material is obvious. The growth wheel is slightly obvious. The wood is shiny and has no special smell. The dry shrinkage is large, and the dry shrinkage rate from raw material to furnace is 4.5% radial and 7.5% chord. Wood texture until slightly staggered, very fine and even structure; Wood corrosion resistance and ant resistance are common. The wood is heavy in weight and the air dry density is about 07.8g/cm3. The strength and mechanical properties are good.
USES: building components, interior decoration, etc.
10. Scientific name: Chlorophora regiaA.Chev
The name of the product: Odum (Ghana, ivory coast); Irolo, Semli (sierra leone, Liberia) Rokko, Oroko, (Nigeria); Abang, Mandji (Cameroon); Kambala (Zaire); Mereira (Angola); Mvule.
Commonly known as: African golden wood
Wood properties: wood is a loose hole; The edge material is yellowish white and 5cm wide. The new cut surface of the heartwood is yellow or light brown. The growth wheel is not obvious; The wood is shiny and has no special smell. Good corrosion resistance, not to be threatened by bark insects; The dry shrinkage rate from raw material to furnace is 2.1-4.0% radial. String to 3.6 6.5%; Wood texture oblique or staggered, slightly fine and slightly uniform structure; In the wood cracks and grooves caused by mechanical damage, there is calcium carbonate sediment (called: stone). The weight of wood is medium, and the average air dry density is about 0.66g/cm3. The strength and various force pool indicators are better.
USES: furniture, floor, fine woodworking products, plywood, door, window, building, boat, sleepers, carving crafts, etc.
11. Scientific name: Millettia stuhlmannii Taub
Product name: Panga-panga; Jambire; Partridgewood Mpande.
Commonly known as: African chicken wing wood.
Wood material property: wood is a bulk porous material; The side material is light yellow, and the width is 2.5-7.5cm. The heart is made of chocolate with dark or light intervals, or dark brown with white bands. The difference between the core and the side was obvious and the growth wheel was obvious. There is a special pattern of quail and chicken feathers on the wood. The wood is usually straight in texture, medium in structure and even without special smell. A corrosion; Natural antifungal decay and termite decay; Rich in dark gum; The material is hard and heavy, and the air dry density is 0.80-0.91g/cm3. Wood is highly wear-resistant, dry and narrow, medium strength.
Purpose: this wood is used for heavy construction, heavy duty floor, high grade furniture and decorative materials, piano, violin, plywood, precision instruments, carving etc.